Deep Hole Drilling
Deep hole machining is an industry segment for the production of holes in long parts. Typically, this is defined by the ratio of part length to hole diameter. Generally speaking, this is anything in excess of 20:1 ratio up to 100:1. Longer ratios are achievable with consideration of tolerance and final part requirements.
Benefits of Deep Hole Drilling
Deep hole machining can be either or scenario of drilling, boring and skiving. Obviously, drilling is creating a hole from solid component. We utilize the BTA method of drilling (AKA ejector drilling). Features of this type of drilling are close hole tolerances (+/- 0.010”) with hole straightness of approximately 0.004”/foot of length.
Benefits of Deep Hole Drilling, ability of create a hole from solid in long length parts where there is a need for this feature. Hole quality and surface finishes are typically very good due to a fixed diameter drill and the burnishing effect of the guide pads on the drilling tool.
Benefits of Boring
Boring is the enlarging of an existing hole to some final dimension this is similar to drilling in that machines are the same however the process can be utilized for enlarging tubing or pipe workpieces to a specific dimension. Tolerances can be similar depending on part requirements. In addition, hole straightness can be improved by utilizing a boring method called pull boring.
Benefits of boring, typically speaking this is a very productive method of enlarging an existing hole in a part. This method yields consistent hole size and straightness. We are able to handle long parts that may be cut in to small segments later to avoid later machining operations in a cnc type machine offering shorter cycle times for the final component because of limited metal removal in a closely sized bore. Possibly only a finishing operation may be necessary if at all.
Benefits of Skiving
Skiving is another method hole processing where extremely tight tolerances can be achieved. This is similar to conventional reaming where a small depth of cut is applied to a built for purpose tool. Typical tolerances are +/- 0.003”. Again, this type of machining is done on our long boring machine. Typical industries served by this type of machining are hydraulic industry for hydraulic cylinders.
Benefits of skiving are the ability to machine very tight tolerance holes over long lengths. Skiving is frequently seen in the hydraulic cylinder manufacturing industry or the sizing of DOM tubing for hydraulics.
Benefits of Honing
Honing is a method ID grinding for close tolerance work as well as high quality surface finishes. This process utilizes a purpose-built machine where the tool is stroked in the bore removing small amounts of material per stroke.
Benefits of honing are the close tolerance of an ID in a part in addition to fine finishes achievable.
Solmet DEEP HOLE Drilling Capabilities
|Short Single End Drilling|
|Max weight (lbs.)||5000||5000|
|Max weight (lbs.)||15000|
|Max OD through spindle||12|
|Std. Tolerance +0.060"/-0.0"||16.5|
|Max weight (lbs.)||10000|
|Max weight (lbs.)||5000|
|Max weight (lbs.)||15000|
|Single & Double End Drilling|
|Max OD Chuck to Chuck||12.5||9||5|
|Max OD with sleeves||9.5||7.25||5|
|Max Length Chuck to Chuck||120||108||84|
|Max length both ends (double end)||288||252||252|
|Max length one end only 1"-3/4"||120||84||84|
|Max length one end only >1" dia||144||132||132|
|Max weight (lbs.)||10000||1200||1841|